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Old 3rd February 2006, 12:05   #21  |  Link
tareek
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Goto Index (page 1) on this article . Pls Read this Before You Post . Page 02
TOSLINK Connector :

Digital (fibre Optical) . first introduced by Toshiba .

uses S/PDIF signal .

better than any copper wire type of cable & connector .

can connect your (console/player) system digitally to a Dolby Digital or DTS Receiver for Dolby Digital (AC3) or DTS surround sound .

uses Digital Optical Cable (aka : Toslink Digital Audio Cable) .

no content distortion at all .

TOSLINK audio connector TOSLINK JIS F05 (JIS C5974-1993 F05) is common .
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Last edited by tareek; 11th February 2006 at 09:47.
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Old 3rd February 2006, 12:06   #22  |  Link
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TRS :

Tip Ring Sleeve . extremely common Audio Jack plug / Connector .

are three(3) conductor connector (jack plugs, and corresponding sockets) .

used in audio stereophonic set/player/device .

3 size are popular . 2.5, 3.5 and 6.35 mm TRS plugs and associate matching sockets .

Code:
     TRS  Jack plug
   _____________________               5    4
   |                    |             /    /
   |                    |____________________
  _|                    |            ||   || \_/\
_/                      |            ||   ||     \
  _                     |            ||   ||  _  / 
_/ |                    |____________||___||_/ \/
   |                    |    1          2        3
   |____________________|
  1. Sleeve : usually ground .
  2. Ring : Right-side/hand channel for stereo signals, (or, negative phase for balanced mono signals, power supply for power-requiring mono signal sources) .
  3. Tip : Left-side/hand channel for stereo signals, (or, positive phase for balanced mono signals, signal line for unbalanced mono signals) .
  4. Insulating rings .
  5. Insulating rings .
In mono jacks, 2 and 5 are not present .
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Last edited by tareek; 6th February 2006 at 05:54.
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Old 3rd February 2006, 12:07   #23  |  Link
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RCA connector :

RCA stands for Radio Corporation of America .

aka RCA , Phono , Cinch, AV plug/jack/connector .

2 pin connector .

Code:
               RCA  plug
             _____________________
            /     \________/      |
     ______/                      |______
   _|                             |      |
__/ |              ________       |      |______
   _|             /        \      |      |______)
__/ |             \________/      |      |
    |_______                      |______|
            \                     |
             \____________________|   2      1
  1. Central Male connector .
  2. Surrounding Ring connector . it is often segmented .

rca plug, plug-in to the rca jack .

as often, central connector comes into contact with the jack before the grounded ring connector does, it results in loud hum or buzz, in a on/powered device .
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Last edited by tareek; 8th February 2006 at 07:50.
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Old 3rd February 2006, 12:08   #24  |  Link
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Cable :

look at the spec on attenuation, temperature ratings, voltage and currentcapacity, and the type of outer jacket .

traditional co-axial cable for video installations is RG-59, RG-6 . 75 ohms . RG-59 (23 awg wire) .

RG-6 (quad-shielded all-copper center conductor, 0.275 inch diameter, 18 awg wire, 2GHz) is better than RG-59 .

Triax co-axial Cable have two isolated shields to provide multiple functions through one cable . RG59 (3/8") and RG11 (1/2") . 75 Ohms . can be run upto 300-500 meters . triax cables are also referred with their thickness 14 mm, 11 mm and 8 mm .

based on attenuation, (for example) RG-59 baseband cable , RG-6 baseband cable, RG-11 basseband cable can be run upto 600 feet (200 meters), 850 feet (270 meters) and 1200 feet (400 meters), respectively . for a small length cable RG-179/U is used commonly . but have much higher attenuation than the larger cables .

to exceed those max length, use fiber optic (62.5/125 micron multimode) cable for baseband freq, or single mode fiber for broadband freq .

UTP (unshielded twisted pair) cable (CATV, CAT3, CAT, CAT6, etc) can be used for a/v signal for upto 1/4 length of RG-59's length with (almost) same attenuation . for example, upto 70 feet with balun transformer adapter, and even further, with an asymmetrical RGB video signal to symmetrical signal converter .

type of shields : Braid Shields, Foil Shields, Combination Foil/Braid Shields, French Braid Shields .

F connector . Triax connector .
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Last edited by tareek; 3rd February 2006 at 14:14.
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Old 3rd February 2006, 12:08   #25  |  Link
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CRT TV :

Cathode Ray Tube TV .

Based on the type of tube technology, 2 types : (Regular/General) CRT , Rear-Projection CRT .

Based on CRT screen's surface, 2 Types : General CRT , Flat-screen CRT .

also see TV
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Last edited by tareek; 4th February 2006 at 18:59.
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Old 3rd February 2006, 12:09   #26  |  Link
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DLP TV :

Digital Light Processing TV .

First introduced by TI (Texas Instruments) .

720p broadcast uses 1280 x 720 px . 1080i broadcast uses 1080 x 1920 px .

Very small pixel gap .

Good black level (but, not as good as CRT, Plasma) .

Uses DMD (Digital Micromirror Device) .

Single chip (slower) DLP may have rainbow effect, but a faster DLP can get rid off that effect .
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Last edited by tareek; 4th February 2006 at 19:00.
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Old 3rd February 2006, 12:10   #27  |  Link
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RP-LCD TV :

Rear Projection Liquid Crystal Display(LCD) TV .
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Last edited by tareek; 4th February 2006 at 19:01.
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Old 3rd February 2006, 12:11   #28  |  Link
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Plasma TV :

uses 3 color phosphor, which will fade out over time . 30 k ~ 60 k hours (5 Hours / Day, for 16.5 years) .

screen size above 50 inches is HDTV . 42 inchs EDTV and HDTV both are found . lower inch TVs are actually EDTV .

15 ms pixel response (4 ms refresh) .

High power usage .

Better picture quality (in fast moving/changing picture) than LCD .

still picture can cause bad Burn-in effect .

High frame rate, so no jitter .

160 degree viewing angle .
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Last edited by tareek; 3rd February 2006 at 14:15.
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Old 3rd February 2006, 12:12   #29  |  Link
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LCD Flat Panel TV :

LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) .

No Display Burn-in effect .

Better picture quality (in slow moving or still picture) than Plasma .

But pixel response time is not as fast as Plasma pixels .

1920 x 1080p px .

16 ms pixel response time . 16 ms refresh .
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Last edited by tareek; 3rd February 2006 at 14:16.
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Old 3rd February 2006, 13:40   #30  |  Link
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Sed Tv :
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Old 3rd February 2006, 13:45   #31  |  Link
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LCoS TV:

Two type : S-XRD from Sony , D-ILA from JVC .

first introduced by Intel .

S-XRD is better than D-ILA .
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Old 3rd February 2006, 14:17   #32  |  Link
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EDTV :

Enhanced Definition Television .

NTSC 480p .
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Last edited by tareek; 6th February 2006 at 04:44.
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Old 6th February 2006, 03:08   #33  |  Link
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DTV :

Digital Television .
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Last edited by tareek; 6th February 2006 at 07:21.
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Old 6th February 2006, 03:50   #34  |  Link
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other TV
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Old 6th February 2006, 04:25   #35  |  Link
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RJ connector :

RJ is Registered Jack . electrical connector .

RJ-11 : 6P2C, for one telephone line, 2 conductor/1 pair, .

RJ-11 : 6P4C, for one telephone line with power on second pair, 4 conductor/2 pair, .

RJ-14 : 6P4C, for two telephone lines, 4 conductor/2 pair, .

RJ-12 : 6P6C, for three telephone lines, 6 conductor/3 pair, .

RJ-25 : 6P6C, for three telephone lines, 6 conductor/3 pair, .

RJ-45 : 8P8C, for Ethernet LAN lines, 8 conductor/4 pair, .


Code:
       RJ-45 (EIA/TIA-568B) :
    ______________________________
    |   |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |   |
    |   1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8   |
    |                            |
    |______  Face of Jack  ______|
          |____        ____|
              |________|

Pin : Pair : Pair : Wire : Color Pins 
    : 568B : 568A :      :
----:------:------:------:-------------
1   : 2    : 3    : tip  : white/orange  
2   : 2    : 3    : ring : orange 
3   : 3    : 2    : tip  : white/green 
4   : 1    : 1    : ring : blue 
5   : 1    : 1    : tip  : white/blue 
6   : 3    : 2    : ring : green 
7   : 4    : 4    : tip  : white/brown 
8   : 4    : 4    : ring : brown 

pairs 2 and 3 (orange and green) are 
swapped, in between TIA/EIA 568 B & A
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Old 6th February 2006, 06:36   #36  |  Link
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S/PDIF :

Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format . aka IEC 958 type II . part of IEC-60958 .

(aka S/P-DIF, aka SP-DIF, aka SPDIF) .

collection of hardware and low-level protocol specifications .

can use XLR, RCA jack, etc electrical connector, or, optical TOSLINK connector .

signal contains 20 bit audio data streams plus other related info . uses Biphase Mark Code modulation signal .

can connect your (console/player) system digitally to a Dolby Digital or DTS Receiver for Dolby Digital (AC3) or DTS surround sound . uses digital PCM audio signal .
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Last edited by tareek; 6th February 2006 at 07:04.
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Old 6th February 2006, 07:26   #37  |  Link
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HDMI :

High-Definition Multi-media Interface .

it is industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface .

The standard Type A HDMI connector has 19 pins . Type B has 29 pins .

Type A HDMI is backward compatible with the single-link DVI used on computer monitors and graphics cards . Type B HDMI is similarly backward-compatible with dual-link DVI .

to prevent end users, from viewing / copying legally protected content,
without the support for HDCP, the video quality and resolution can be downgraded by the signal source .

uses TMDS, DDC, CEC channels/signals .

Code:
            Type A (Receptacle) HDMI
    ______________________________________________
   /                                              \
  |                                                |
  |                                                |
  |   ,-19--17--15--13--11--09--07--05--03--01-,   |
  |   |                                        |   |
  |    \--18--16--14--12--10--08--06--04--02--/    |
  `--,                                          ,--'
      \                                        /
       \      ¡----¡              ¡----¡      /
        '------------------------------------'
Type A Connector Pin Assignment (Pin : Signal Assignment) :
  • Pin 1 : TMDS Data2+ , . . . . • Pin 2 : TMDS Data2 Shield
  • Pin 3 : TMDS Data2– , . . . . • Pin 4 : TMDS Data1+
  • Pin 5 : TMDS Data1 Shield , • Pin 6 : TMDS Data1–
  • Pin 7 : TMDS Data0+ , . . . . • Pin 8 : TMDS Data0 Shield
  • Pin 9 : TMDS Data0– , . . . . • Pin 10 : TMDS Clock+
  • Pin 11 : TMDS Clock Shield , • Pin 12 : TMDS Clock–
  • Pin 13 : CEC , . . . . . . . . • Pin 14 : Reserved (N.C. on device)
  • Pin 15 : SCL , . . . . . . . . • Pin 16 : SDA
  • Pin 17 : DDC/CEC Ground , • Pin 18 : +5V Power
  • Pin 19 : Hot Plug Detect
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Last edited by tareek; 8th February 2006 at 20:30.
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Old 6th February 2006, 07:27   #38  |  Link
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DVI connector :

Digital Visual Interface .

DVI-D : digital . DVI-A : analog . DVI-I : digital and analog .

DVI-DL indicates dual link DVI .

uses TMDS, DDC, LVDS, LDI signals .

Code:
           DVI-I : Dual Link : 24 + 5
   _______________________________________
  /        _   _   _   _   _   _   _   _  \
 |  _   _ |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_|  |
 | |_| |_|                                 |
 |  _____  _   _   _   _   _   _   _   _   |
 | |_____||_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_|  |
 |  _   _                                  |
 | |_| |_| _   _   _   _   _   _   _   _   |
  \       |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| |_| /
   \_____________________________________/
   _______________________________________
  /                                       \
 |        08  07  06  05  04  03  02  01   |
 | c2  c1                                  |
 |   c5   16  15  14  13  12  11  10  09   |
 | c4  c3                                  |
  \       24  23  22  21  20  19  18  17  /
   \_____________________________________/
  • Pin 1 : TMDS Data 2- : Digital red - (Link 1) , • Pin 2 : TMDS Data 2+ : Digital red + (Link 1) ,
  • Pin 3 : TMDS Data 2/4 shield , • Pin 4 : TMDS Data 4− : Digital green − (Link 2) ,
  • Pin 5 : TMDS Data 4+ : Digital green + (Link 2) , • Pin 6 : DDC clock ,
  • Pin 7 : DDC data , • Pin 8 : Analog Vertical Sync ,
  • Pin 9 : TMDS Data 1− : Digital green − (Link 1) , • Pin 10 : TMDS Data 1+ : Digital green + (Link 1) ,
  • Pin 11 : TMDS Data 1/3 shield , • Pin 12 : TMDS Data 3− : Digital blue − (Link 2) ,
  • Pin 13 : TMDS Data 3+ Digital blue + (Link 2) , • Pin 14 : +5V Power for monitor when in standby ,
  • Pin 15 : Ground Return for pin 14 and analog sync , • Pin 16 : Hot Plug Detect ,
  • Pin 17 : TMDS data 0− : Digital blue − (Link 1) and digital sync ,
  • Pin 18 : TMDS data 0+ : Digital blue + (Link 1) and digital sync ,
  • Pin 19 : TMDS data 0/5 shield , • Pin 20 : TMDS data 5− : Digital red − (Link 2) ,
  • Pin 21 : TMDS data 5+ : Digital red + (Link 2) , • Pin 22 : TMDS clock shield ,
  • Pin 23 : TMDS clock+ : Digital clock + (Links 1 and 2) ,
  • Pin 24 : TMDS clock− : Digital clock − (Links 1 and 2) ,
  • Pin C1 : Analog Red , • Pin C2 : Analog Green , • Pin C3 : Analog Blue ,
  • Pin C4 : Analog Horizontal Sync , • Pin C5 : Analog Ground Return for R, G and B signals

RGB (analog) bandwidth : 400 MHz at −3 dB .

most often used/found in FP-LCD TV, digital projectors, video/graphics card .
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Last edited by tareek; 8th February 2006 at 08:06.
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Old 6th February 2006, 07:28   #39  |  Link
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Digital TV other part
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Old 6th February 2006, 17:59   #40  |  Link
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I deleted my post which was between your guide!
nice work tareek!!
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