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Old 24th June 2014, 02:44   #1  |  Link
Reel.Deel
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Kuwahara filter for Avisynth?

Does anyone know of an Avisynth plugin similar to this Kuwahara filter proposed on this site? I've searched but so far I've come up empty handed. Is it possible to achieve similar results with existing plugins?

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Old 24th June 2014, 03:03   #2  |  Link
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http://www.compression.ru/video/cart.../index_en.html
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Old 24th June 2014, 11:39   #3  |  Link
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vectorize ur pic
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Old 24th June 2014, 11:48   #4  |  Link
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Quote:
Originally Posted by feisty2 View Post
vectorize ur pic
There does not appear to exist an Avisynth vectorizer.
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Old 24th June 2014, 20:13   #5  |  Link
raffriff42
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A guy named Fred implemented the Kuwahara filter in ImageMagick. (scroll down)
Then of course you would need Wilbert's ImageMagick Reader / Writer for AviSynth.
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Old 24th June 2014, 20:31   #6  |  Link
Motenai Yoda
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something with medianblur?
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Last edited by Motenai Yoda; 24th June 2014 at 20:41.
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Old 24th June 2014, 21:20   #7  |  Link
Wilbert
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Looks like a great project

http://www.fmwconcepts.com/imagemagick/kuwahara/index.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuwahara_filter
http://www.cs.rug.nl/~imaging/artisticsmoothing/TIP_artistic.pdf

Perhaps i will take a stab at it tomorrow.
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Old 25th June 2014, 00:29   #8  |  Link
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Reel.Deel View Post
Does anyone know of an Avisynth plugin similar to this Kuwahara filter proposed on this site? I've searched but so far I've come up empty handed. Is it possible to achieve similar results with existing plugins?
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Old 25th June 2014, 10:02   #9  |  Link
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Code:
function kuwahara(clip c, int "radius")
{
	function shift(clip c, int x, int y)
	{
		halfx = int(x/2)
		halfy = int(y/2)
		c
		pointresize(width(), height(), x, y).mergechroma(pointresize(width(), height(), 2*halfx, 2*halfy))
	}
	function copylumatochroma(clip c)
	{
		c
		bilinearresize(width()/2, height()/2)
		ytouv(last, last, c)
	}
	radius = default(radius, 2)
	assert(radius%2 == 0, "kuwahara: radius must be even") # because I'm too lazy to make it work with odd values
	r = radius/2
	c
	assert(isyv12(), "kuwahara: clip must be YV12")
	blurred = averageblur(r, floor(r/2)) # r/2 because yv12 has halved chroma resolution
	ba = shift(-r, -r)
	bb = shift(r, -r)
	bc = shift(-r, r)
	bd = shift(r, r)
	s = mt_luts(last, last, mode = "std", pixels = mt_square(r), expr = "y")
	s_min = mt_logic(s.shift(0, r), s.shift(0, -r), "min")
	s_min = mt_logic(s_min.shift(r, 0), s_min.shift(-r, 0), "min")
	ma = mt_lutxy(s_min, s.shift(-r, -r), "x y == 255 0 ?")
	mb = mt_lutxy(s_min, s.shift(r, -r), "x y == 255 0 ?")
	mc = mt_lutxy(s_min, s.shift(-r, r), "x y == 255 0 ?")
	md = mt_lutxy(s_min, s.shift(r, r), "x y == 255 0 ?")
	mtotal = mt_average(mt_average(ma, mb), mt_average(mc, md))
	ma = mt_lutxy(ma, mtotal, "x y 64 / /").copylumatochroma()
	mb = mt_lutxy(mb, mtotal, "x y 64 / /").copylumatochroma()
	mc = mt_lutxy(mc, mtotal, "x y 64 / /").copylumatochroma()
	md = mt_lutxy(md, mtotal, "x y 64 / /").copylumatochroma()
	raveragem(ba, ma, bb, mb, bc, mc, bd, md, u = 3, v = 3)
	radius == 0 ? c : last
}
Disclaimer: just a normal Kuwahara filter (not the multi-scale anisotropic version as linked in the OP), only works on YV12, requires the radius to be even, and may produce incorrect results after the first frame because RAverageM is sort of buggy and unreliable.

Last edited by colours; 25th June 2014 at 10:05.
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Old 25th June 2014, 13:28   #10  |  Link
Reel.Deel
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Just tried it out but the result looks kinda blotchy:

I guess the blotchy result is expected from a regular Kuwahara filter? (ImageJ's Kuwahara looks similar)

Quote:
Originally Posted by colours View Post
RAverageM is sort of buggy and unreliable.
No kidding, the output seems to be unusable with any radius greater than 2.
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Old 25th June 2014, 14:43   #11  |  Link
colours
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The blotchiness is inherent to the basic Kuwahara filter and is not caused by any bug in RAverageM. (The bug seems to be triggered when more than one frame is requested.) There are a couple of ways to improve on the original Kuwahara filter, which is pretty much what the paper linked in the first post is all about, but they are nigh impossible to implement with just Masktools and friends.

I tried to make it blend the four square windows weighted by a negative power of their standard deviation (which should eliminate the blotching), but this turned out to be much less trivial than I expected. And would probably make it even slower than it already is—mt_luts (to calculate the standard deviation) isn't exactly the fastest filter around.

It'd be easier to write a plugin than to try implementing it through Masktools abuse, but unfortunately my coding skills leave much to be desired.
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Old 26th June 2014, 01:48   #12  |  Link
Reel.Deel
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Thanks for the explanation and script, very neat how you implemented it with existing plugins (that stuff is out of my league). Too bad that MaskTools and company cannot be used efficiently. It would be nice to have a Kuwahara plugin similar to the example in the first post. On the flip side, other than creating some special effects I don't know how useful it would be for general use (maybe useful for some twisted preprocessing?).
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Old 27th June 2014, 23:11   #13  |  Link
Wilbert
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My attempt: http://www.wilbertdijkhof.com/Kuwahara_v10.zip. It contains the classic and generalized Kuwahara filter. For q big enough the classic and generalized Kuwahara filter should coincide.

Documentation: see http://www.cs.rug.nl/~imaging/artist...P_artistic.pdf and examples

todo: a lot
0) make proper documentation
1) validate input arguments
2) look at rounding of variables
3) average color channels instead of the luma
4) add YCbCr support
5) add more/other sectors (uses currently four quadrants as in the wikipedia page)
6) the variance is calculated using a numerical unstable scheme - should replace that i presume
7) edges are left untouched
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Old 29th June 2014, 13:46   #14  |  Link
Reel.Deel
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@Wilbert

Finally had some time to try it out. Thanks for taking the time to write a plugin.



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