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Old 6th May 2012, 08:52   #1  |  Link
peacemaker69
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detecting black frames

I found a script that detects black frames in a video file. I created a test video with black frames. I opened this script in VirtualDubMod, it loads the video but there is no report text file with detected black frames. I am a professional editor but a TOTAL Avisynth noob. There must be something I am doing wrong. Below is the script I am using.


#Specify the name and location of the output file
filename = "c:\output_blank_frames.txt"

#Specify the threshold that will be considered black (0 = pure black)
global blankthreshold=28

#DirectShowSource("black_frames_av2i.avi").killaudio()
AVISource("black_frames_test.avi").killaudio()

#Only look at half the fields (speeds up processing
i=separatefields.selectodd.ConvertToYV12()

#Write the frame number
WriteFileIf(last, filename, "(AverageLuma(i)<blankthreshold)", "current_frame+1", append = false)


thanks for help
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Old 6th May 2012, 10:39   #2  |  Link
librarian
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Quote:
Originally Posted by peacemaker69 View Post


#Specify the name and location of the output file
global filename = "c:\output_blank_frames.txt"

#Specify the threshold that will be considered black (0 = pure black)
global blankthreshold=28

#DirectShowSource("black_frames_av2i.avi").killaudio()
AVISource("black_frames_test.avi").killaudio()

#Only look at half the fields (speeds up processing
i=separatefields.selectodd.ConvertToYV12()

#Write the frame number
i.WriteFileIf( filename, "(AverageLuma(i)<blankthreshold)", "current_frame+1", append = false)
If you want to use filename inside WRITEFILEIF make it global, the output file is written only if the result of WRITEFILEIF is rendered, from the manual:
Quote:
Note that since output is produced only for ''rendered'' frames, there will be no output at all if the result of the filter is not used in deriving the final result of the script.
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Old 6th May 2012, 11:45   #3  |  Link
peacemaker69
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I added "global" before "filename" and added "i." before "writefileif" but I get a message:

Script error: Invalid arguments to function "WriteFileIf"

If I delete "i.", I don't get any message but there is no output text file too.
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Old 6th May 2012, 11:53   #4  |  Link
librarian
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Quote:
Originally Posted by peacemaker69 View Post
I added "global" before "filename" and added "i." before "writefileif" but I get a message:

Script error: Invalid arguments to function "WriteFileIf"

If I delete "i.", I don't get any message but there is no output text file too.
With my solution, last line has to be:
i.WriteFileIf( filename, "(AverageLuma(i)<blankthreshold)", "current_frame+1", append = false)
not:
i.WriteFileIf(last, filename, "(AverageLuma(i)<blankthreshold)", "current_frame+1", append = false)
just like I posted above.
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Old 6th May 2012, 12:17   #5  |  Link
peacemaker69
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decompressor

Now I got a message like this:

[!] Couldn't locate decompressor for format 'YV12' (unknown).
VirtualDub requires a Video for Windows (VFW) compatible codec to
decompress video. DirectShow codecs, such as those used by Windows Media
Player, are not suitable. Only 'Direct stream copy' is available for this
video.


I tried this with DV avi and uncompressed avi, same answer. Where to download best codecs for Avisynth?
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Old 6th May 2012, 12:26   #6  |  Link
librarian
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According to forum rules never ask for the "best".
You already got a good answer:
Quote:
Originally Posted by Yellow_ View Post
BTW this is off topic here.
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Old 6th May 2012, 13:10   #7  |  Link
Gavino
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Quote:
Originally Posted by librarian View Post
If you want to use filename inside WRITEFILEIF make it global
filename does not need to be global.
Neither does blankthreshold.
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Old 7th May 2012, 01:25   #8  |  Link
johnmeyer
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Here's a script I use all the time. I'm sure you'll need to modify it, but perhaps it will get you started.

You'll note that I wrote the script to only output the first frame that falls below a given luma threshold. The reason for this is that there are lots of situations where a video will go to black for many frames (like between commercials), and with my editing workflow I only need to know where the blank/black series of frames starts. The script below has a line that is commented out that will give you every frame that falls below the blank luma threshold.

Code:
#Script to find blank frames
#The script outputs the frame number of the first frame that falls below
#the threshold luma value. 

#Specify the name and location of the output file
filename = "m:\output_blank_frames.txt"

#Specify the blank threshold. Set to zero for pure black.
global blankthreshold=49

#Specify the name and location of your video file
AVISource("E:\fs.avi").killaudio().ConvertToYV12

#Optional: For analog captures, get rid of the borders.
#          Analog video can have border garbage that affects averageluma
Crop(16,16,-16,-16)

# Use the following to reduce the number of fields by 50% in order to speed processing
separatefields.selectodd

i=last
j=trim(i,1,0) #Previous frame [edit] Actually, it is the NEXT frame

# Temporarily un-comment next line to display the average luma value on screen to help determine threshold value
#ScriptClip(i,"Subtitle(String(AverageLuma(i) ))" )

#This line below will output EVERY frame that is below threshold, which results in LOTS of frames
#Normally you don't do this, but it is included for those who want this capability.
#WriteFileIf(last, filename,  "(AverageLuma(i)<blankthreshold)", "current_frame+1", append = false)

#This is the line that actually writes the frame number of the FIRST frame that falls below the threshold
WriteFileIf(last, filename,  "(AverageLuma(i)<blankthreshold)&&AverageLuma(j)>blankthreshold", "current_frame+1", append = false)

#The line below finds the LAST blank frame. 
#WriteFileIf(last, filename,  "(AverageLuma(i)>blankthreshold)&&AverageLuma(j)<blankthreshold", "current_frame+1", append = false)

Last edited by johnmeyer; 12th March 2013 at 18:02. Reason: Fixed incorrect comment next to the trim(1,0) statement
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Old 7th May 2012, 01:48   #9  |  Link
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Try this: Run your script from the first post (which works perfectly fine and creates the file with the frames numbers) through AVSMeter.
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Old 8th May 2012, 03:43   #10  |  Link
Mug Funky
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as an alternative, you might also find that using silence detection on the audio gets you something usable in less time.

both would be nice of course...

i have an EDL generating script that finds hard cuts if you need that. very good for splitting up a tape capture into shots that can be graded in an app that supports CMX format EDLs.
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Old 8th May 2012, 10:04   #11  |  Link
peacemaker69
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open failure

I am a pro editor but a total avisynth noob, although I think avisynth is a great tool that could help me in my everydays work, that's why I am not giving up!

When I try to work with a DV AVI I get the message:

Avisynth open failure:
Avisource: couldn't locate a decompressor for fourdcc dvsd


when I try uncompressed avi I get:

Couldn't locate decompressor for format YV12 (uknown).
VirtualDub requires a Video for Windows (VFW) compatible codec to decompress video. DirectShow codecs, such as those used by Windows Media Player, are not suitable. Only 'Direct stream copy' is available for this video.
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Old 8th May 2012, 10:20   #12  |  Link
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Did you try it with FFMpegsource as suggested to you (twice)?
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Old 8th May 2012, 11:19   #13  |  Link
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It is perhaps likely that you will in future encounter further problems without a YV12 decoder, see here if you do:
http://forum.doom9.org/showthread.ph...ght=helix+yv12
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Old 8th May 2012, 12:41   #14  |  Link
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ffmpeg

Groucho2004 yes I should have done it but.. to load an avi, I use avisource command. How to use ffmpeg in avisynth script to load a video?
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Old 8th May 2012, 13:16   #15  |  Link
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Download the latest release and use it like this:
Code:
LoadPlugin("ffms2.dll")
FFVideoSource("vid.avi")
The DLL also comes with documentation.
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Old 23rd February 2013, 16:03   #16  |  Link
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........................

Last edited by lintran; 24th May 2013 at 11:04.
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Old 23rd February 2013, 18:11   #17  |  Link
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Quote:
Originally Posted by lintran View Post
I used peacemaker69 script and it work well though AVSMeter. So anyone can give me avs script that can detect all frames that have silence audio?
Thanks.
Code:
#detect_silence.avs
LoadPlugin("ffms2.dll")
LoadPlugin("MinMaxAudio.dll")

src = "file path to the source"
aud = FFAudioSource(src)
vid = BlankClip(FFVideoSource(src), width=32, height=32)
AudioDub(vid, aud)

#assume max is lesser than -100db as silence frame
WriteFileIf("silence.log", "AudioMax(0) < -100", "current_frame")


> avs2pipemod -benchmark detect_silence.avs
you will get the list of all silence frames.
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Last edited by Chikuzen; 12th March 2013 at 21:05.
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Old 12th March 2013, 03:31   #18  |  Link
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Love the "find silence" script, but now how could I make it write out just the first and/or last frames where there is silence?

following johnmayer's example...

I would make i the last frame and j the previous frame,

Then create another && condition and put the "i" and "j" into AudioMax?

Somehow I fear that wouldn't work, would it?

What is the "0" in AudioMax(0) ?

Thanks
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Old 12th March 2013, 05:10   #19  |  Link
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Quote:
Originally Posted by dwilbank View Post
What is the "0" in AudioMax(0) ?
Generally the best place to find such info is in the documentation:

Code:
Conditional Audio Filters - MinMaxAudio v0.2

Usage:

Computes the root mean square, maximal or minimal value over all samples in all channels,
or just over all samples in channel, and outputs the value (in decibels) as a float.
It's a conditional audio filter, so the computation is done framewise. The audio is converted
to float internally.


Syntax:

AudioMax(channel) # maximal volume in channel (framewise)
AudioMin(channel) # minimal volume in channel (framewise)
AudioRMS(channel) # root mean square volume in channel (framewise)
# channel = 0 (default) means that the max/min/rms is taken over all samples in all channels (framewise)

Examples:

v = BlankClip(pixel_type="YV12")
a = Tone(type="Triangle", frequency=2, level=0.4)
w = AudioDub(v,a) #.Histogram(mode="audiolevels")
#w = ScriptClip(w, "Subtitle(String(AudioMax(1)))")
w = ScriptClip(w, "Subtitle(String(AudioRMS(0)))")
#w = ScriptClip(w, "Subtitle(String(AudioMin(1)))")
w = w #.ConvertToRGB32.AudioGraph(20)
return w

Note that the values are given in decibels (see also histogram docs for an explanation).

License:

Licensed under GPL by Wilbert Dijkhof
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Old 12th March 2013, 06:17   #20  |  Link
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Thx

But the real question remains.
I see no way to make audiomax() pay attention to specific "i" and "j" frames like johnmayer did with averageluma()

Last edited by dwilbank; 12th March 2013 at 16:14.
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